11 June 2015

They don’t speak for us: the need for a new political representation.

Capitalism is crisis-159

At this year’s UCU Congress delegates voted for a motion calling upon UCU to organise a conference to discuss political representation. The motion said,

‘The situation is now both politically unstable and an historic crisis of failed political representation for working class people….

Therefore instructs the NEC to call for and organise at the earliest opportunity and on as wide a basis as possible a conference of trade unionists, anti-cuts activists and others to discuss proposals for ensuring the proper political representation of working class people and the defence of education and public services.

The motion was carried by around 80% of the delegates reflecting the widespread concerns amongst UCU members about the state of mainstream political representation in Britain today. UCU is not alone in passing a motion calling for a conference to discuss political representation. The Fire Brigades Union passed a similar motion and other unions are set to discuss the idea at their conferences.

Since the disastrous election result where the Tories won an outright majority, albeit a slim one, and Labour were left reeling from the defeat, many bizarre and ludicrous reasons have been offered as an explanation for why this happened. Leading Blairites and proponents of ‘Blue Labour’ (echoed by most of the media) put it down to two reasons; a hysterical wave of nationalism hypnotising the electorate in Scotland and that Ed Miliband ran a too left wing campaign.

The SNP tidal wave that secured 56 out of the 59 Westminster seats was a class vote and not a vote for nationalism. It was the anti-austerity, anti-Trident and pro-welfare campaign of the SNP that caught the imagination of the Scottish electorate. Scottish Labour were far too right wing to get anywhere near being able to give voice to the visceral anger and hatred of the Scottish electorate towards the Tories and their anti-working class policies.

As for the argument that Ed Miliband was too left wing; does anyone seriously believe that this is why large swathes of Labour voters switched their vote to UKIP in some northern cities or could not be bothered to turn out? It was the pandering to the racist argument over immigration, trying to out tough UKIP, that allowed them, the authentic voice of anti –immigration, to come second place in over 200 constituencies. Many working class people turned to UKIP because they thought, mistakenly, they were an anti-austerity party. Miliband did make some left wing arguments around pay and the NHS but it was far too little and far too late in the campaign to make a difference.

It is quite incredible that Labour could not shake off the Tory argument that it was the last Labour government that were to blame for the deficit rather than the collapse of the international finance system precipitated by the greed of a tiny minority.

 

New political formations

The motion passed at congress refers to the ‘historic crisis’ of political representation in Britain. It is important that we grasp the nature of this crisis. Mainstream political parties do not have a god-given right to exist. Political parties reflect moments within the development of classes and social movements.

For example the Liberal Party was established in 1859. For 60 years the Liberal Party was the main opposition to the Tory Party. George Dangerfield’s brilliant book, The strange death of Liberal England, documents well the decline of the Liberal Party. From the beginning of the 20th century up until the First World War three social movements combined to erode the base of the Liberal Party and allowed a new political formation to provide a voice for working class people. This was the period of the Labour unrest, the struggle for home rule in Ireland and the ‘Women’s rebellion’, as Dangerfield calls it, the struggle for votes for women led by the Suffragettes. These combined to undermine the Liberal Party’s position as the main opposition to the Tories.

The birth of Labourism came out of the struggle known as the new unionism at the end of the 19th century. The forerunner to the Labour party, the Independent Labour Party, was formed in Bradford after the defeat of the Manningham Mills strike in 1893. The Labour Representation Committee was set up in 1900 as an attempt to provide a voice for the working class in Parliament. In 1906 the Labour Party was formed after winning 29 seats in that year’s election and by the early 1920s the Labour Party had replaced the Liberals as the main opposition to the Tory Party.

No historical analogy is perfect; however we are seeing a similar process taking place across Europe. The old mainstream social democratic parties have failed to provide answers to the problems that wars, economic and environmental crisis have thrown up. The impact of over a decade of imperialist wars, austerity, climate change and the resistance caused by them has created the conditions for new political formations to emerge.

This is most pronounced in Greece and Spain. The failure of the mainstream political parties to deal with the economic crisis allowed Syriza to win a spectacular victory at the last election by presenting themselves as a radical left wing anti-austerity alternative. Similarly in Spain we have seen the rise of Podemos presenting itself as a radical left wing alternative to the mainstream parties and have found significant electoral success.

These parties’ success in elections does not stem simply from their electoral strategy. They came out of mass social movements. Greece has experienced 35 general strikes since 2008 and the mass occupation movement led by tens of thousands of Spanish youth both gave the impetus for these parties to rise and begin to successfully challenge the old order.

 

Could it happen here?

To understand the SNP landslide in Scotland we cannot simply look at the two month election campaign. Although the SNP was formed way back in 1934 it was the mass movement for independence that allowed its staggering success. The campaign for the YES camp was young, dynamic and driven by an anti-austerity politic. Without this movement the SNP would not have been able to achieve what it did. Of course south of the border the Labour Party, despite haemorrhaging votes and unable to motivate its supporters to get out and vote, still has a significant connection to the working class via its roots within the trade union bureaucracy. 30,000 people have joined the Labour Party since the election.

However when we look at the contenders for the leadership contest, all tripping over each other to place themselves to the right of the vast majority of working people, it is very hard to see how any of them can get anywhere near reconnecting the party to its working class roots. Jeremy Corbyn’s announcement that he will enter the competition is a welcome development but unfortunately he is unlikely to get the support of the thirty-five MPs needed to get his name on the ballot paper.

The one million votes for the Green Party, who campaigned on a clear left wing platform, demonstrates the potential mass audience for such a radical left wing party that can begin to represent working class people’s real aspirations of justice and equality.

Increasingly the old mediating structures of civil society can no longer channel the frustrations and fears of its population. Political parties, the Church and the Monarchy, which at one time did act as safety valves for the anxieties of the majority, are now unable to do so. They have been exposed as being out of touch and corrupt.

 

Providing a space for debate and discussion

The process of fragmentation of the political bases of the mainstream political parties is underway. The epoch we are living in will continue to produce seismic events like crisis, wars and revolts against them. This will deepen the crisis of political representation in Britain as these organisations are unable to provide solutions to these events. All will try and make ordinary working people pay for the problems of an anarchic system increasingly spiralling out of control. This, in turn, will make the cry of ‘they don’t speak for us’ become one that is echoed by millions.

This despondency does not have to turn into despair and cynicism toward politics and political parties as long as we move quickly to provide a space for these concerns to be discussed and debated. This is why the motion passed by delegates at this year’s Congress calling upon UCU to call a conference to discuss this issue is so timely.

No one can or should say in advance what a new political formation should look like. This should not be a conference that declares the setting up of a new political party. Some will argue that a strategy to reclaim Labour is our best chance. Others will argue that setting up a new organisation or forming an alliance of different organisations to support electoral candidates who sign up to particular policies are the best ways forward. This is the debate we need to have with the broadest possible cross section of the movement.

What we must insist on, though, is that this debate must be part of building a movement of resistance against austerity. Attempts to decouple discussions about political representation from building a mass movement against austerity will only lead to a sterile debate. Any new political formation, if it is to succeed in providing a new home for working class people, must be organically linked to their struggles.

UCU‘s call for a political representation conference is not only timely but urgent.

Sean Vernell, UCU City and Islington College Coordinating Committee Secretary and FE National Negotiator

10 comments

  1. Colin Jones said:

    For an idea of how this can happen organically read this Guardian article on the rise of Podemos; very illuminating. We must move now!
    http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/mar/31/podemos-revolution-radical-academics-changed-european-politics

    12 June 2015 at 10:41am
  2. Mike Holmes said:

    Firstly: I do wish people would stop telling the Scots why they did this or that. Quite simply the Scots were close to evenly split on the Yes/No vote. In a General Election, if all the Yes vote goes SNP while the No vote is split three ways, the SNP get a landslide because of the First Past The Post system. Many people who were pro-independence here voted SNP *despite* their being anti-austerity. In fact the idea that people should live within their means is more widely held in Scotland than it has, in my experience, been held elsewhere in the UK.

    Secondly, the Conservatives were elected *because* they are seen by large swathes of the working classes as those who most represent them. Labour are seen as the party of the unworking classes, hence their defence of the spare room subsidy despite the polls clearly showing that most of the population support its abolition.

    Quite simply the working classes grow up living next door to the unworking classes. When folks have to struggle each day to obtain the things they want, they hate that those who don’t work are simply given them, and that they are forced, through taxes, to pay for that to happen.
    Those champagne socialists who didn’t grow up on council estates and who never have to struggle to get what they want simply will never understand the resentment that the welfare state causes and will remain forever baffled that the working classes will vote for the one party who do get it: the Conservatives.

    We voted. The socialists and their fellow travellers lost and we won. Get over it.

    12 June 2015 at 11:21am
  3. billie said:

    Actually some accidental truth there in the fatuous comment of our troll, Mike:
    Massive numbers of working people did vote for the Tories, (ie “the real thing”, rather than the Tory-Lite on offer from Labour)
    …and with all the associated tax-avoiding, loophole exploiting, law-tweaking history of such a class.

    The point is:
    Why would people vote for an elitist party who not only don’t represent their interests in any way shape or form?
    Why vote for a cabal of privileged billionaires that has been busy impoverishing them, demolishing their services and stealing all the publicly generated wealth – assets such as the services that working people and their parents and grandparents built and have financed all their working lives?

    I think the article addresses this really well.
    The example of Scotland is an indictment of Blairite Labour who have striven to excise Socialism.. ironically – moronically.. the only thing that they ever had going for them in the first place.
    The damage done is the lack of alternative politics – lack of alternative noise to counter the deafening monotone tune as our current rulers are busy defeating us all.

    The politics will come from active trade unionists – as we see already with the beleaguered public sector..
    (…and oh yes if they succeed in destroying the public sector they will come for the rest of us with such acquired might…)
    But we are seeing victories and we are seeing solidarity – not just expressed nationally and across unions, but globally..
    Most importantly people are seeing, experiencing, that you CAN fight and you CAN win.

    We are seeing trade unionists politicised in their fights: Activists need to be politicising their struggles and organising -above all rejecting being re-ingested and digested by the bureaucratic mechanisms of the (generally) conservative Trade Union leaderships.

    12 June 2015 at 7:39pm
  4. Ian Crosson said:

    A very timely article. If Corbyn does not get the 35 nominations for the Labour leadership( as is very likely unfortunately) then this debate will become even more urgent.
    We need to start the debate. In London we have the London Assembly elections next year and it would be so so good to be able to vote for a party or candidates who represent people who support trade unionists and the defence of the welfare state. Very glad it was passed by so many delegates at congress.

    12 June 2015 at 10:13pm
  5. Grant Buttars said:

    Let’s be clear. Unless you accept that the people of Scotland and the rest of the UK are fundamentally different, you cannot fail to see that the result in Scotland reflects a seismic shift in the political landscape. The SNP offered an anti-austerity, left-of-centre programme and were seen as electorally credible. But it goes beyond this. The levels of engagement that arose during the referendum campaign are being sustained. Organisations like Common Weal and the Scottish Left Project are contributing to a wider movement that is not dependant on traditional political parties. While this is being done on a Scotland basis, it is internationalist in outlook and cross-border links of solidarity are central.

    Who does Labour now represent except itself? It clearly doesn’t know and neither to most of its former voters. Top-down political parties who just expect us to turn up and vote for them are not how people cannot move us forward. It is essential to build movements that are based where people are, building from the bottom up to get parties and institutions that reflect our needs, wishes and demands.

    15 June 2015 at 11:56am
  6. Sean Vernell said:

    Great news that Jeremy Corbyn is on the ballot paper for the Labour Party leadership contest. Very happy to see that my assessment that Jeremy was ‘unlikely’ to get on to the ballot paper has been proven wrong. This provides the left a real opportunity to debate the best way to defeat austerity and the need for a new political representation on a much wider platform.

    It would also be great to see that all those anti-austerity MPs from the LP, SNP and the Greens set up an anti austerity block. On my estimate that could be up to 70 MPs. This would make a real difference to the extra Parliamentary activity that is needed to stop Cameron’s millionaires.

    15 June 2015 at 8:40pm
  7. Liz said:

    Are UCU affiliated to the Labour Party? I think we aren’t, so we need to join as individuals before Aug 12th to vote Corbyn.

    16 June 2015 at 3:06pm
  8. Mike Holmes said:

    Liz: yep, I may pay my three quid and vote Corbyn. It’s probably the single best thing I could do to ensure Labour don’t win in 2020 either.

    22 June 2015 at 10:03am
  9. Mike Holmes said:

    http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/general-election-2015/politics-blog/11680016/Why-Tories-should-join-Labour-and-back-Jeremy-Corbyn.html

    22 June 2015 at 11:26am
  10. Frances A said:

    ‘They don’t speak for us…’ article manages to combine providing the overview together with incorporating the detail, historical and present-day. Clarity contributes to wider involvement – and generating healthy debate, obviously.

    24 June 2015 at 9:59pm

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